Born: January 1, 1838, Manchester, Indiana.
Died: November 10, 1914, Cook County, Illinois.
Buried: Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois.
Henry was the son of John Jackson and Mabel G. Garrigus, and husband of Mary Alice Clarke (married 1862).
He was educated at DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana (AB 1862, AM 1865, DD 1877, Phi Beta Kappa).
He joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, Lambda Chapter, as a freshman, November 14, 1858, and was chapter secretary from 1861 to June 19, 1862.
After graduation, Godden was principal of the Stockwell Collegiate Institute, Stockwell, Indiana (1862–65); pastor of the Ames Methodist Episcopal Church, New Orleans, Louisiana (1866); and assistant editor of the New Orleans Advocate.
During a riot on July 30, 1866, he was shot and beaten. After recovery, he decided to leave New Orleans.
He went on to serve as superintendent of missions in South America (1869–78). He and Alice spent many years in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Upon returning to America, he served pastorates at the Grand Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, Kansas City, Missouri (1879); and in Sedalia, Missouri (1882–84).
He was president of Lewis College, Glasgow, Missouri (1884–85, school closed in 1892).
He then resumed pastoral work at the Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church (1885–90) and the Marshfield Avenue Church (1890–92), both in Chicago, Illinois.
He was presiding elder, North Chicago District, Rock River Conference (1892–98); district superintendent, Chicago District (1898–1904); and pastor of Chicago Lawn Methodist Episcopal Church (1910).
He was also a member of the General Missionary Committee during three quadrenniums. He served on the Joint Commission for preparing a hymnal for Methodist Episcopal Church and Methodist Episcopal Church, South; and was Chaplain at the 1898 Ekklesia in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.