Born: July 2, 1813, South Windham, Connecticut.
Died: February 24, 1886, Longmeadow, Massachusetts.
Buried: Longmeadow Cemetery, Longmeadow, Massachusetts.
Samuel was the son of Elihu Wolcott and Rachel McClintock McClure. He married twice, to Catherine Elizabeth Wood (1839) and Harriet Amanda Pope (1843). His son was American senator Edward Oliver Wolcott (1848–1905).
Wolcott attended Yale College (AB 1833) and Andover Theological Seminary, and served as a missionary in Syria (1841–42).
He returned to America and served pastorates in Belchertown, Massachusetts; Providence, Rhode Island; Chicago, Illinois; and at the Plymouth Congregational Church, Cleveland, Ohio.
Later, he was secretary to the Ohio Home Missionary Society. Over 200 hymns are attributed to him.