1819–1893
portrait

January 1, 1819, Chur, Graubünden, Switzerland.

October 20, 1893, New York City.

Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York.

Schaff was educated at the universities in Tü­bing­en, Hal­le, and Ber­lin, Ger­ma­ny, and received the degree of Li­cen­ti­ate of Theology (BD) at Berlin, May 29, 1841. He later received the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from the University of Ber­lin (May 5, 1854); the University of St. An­drews, Scot­land (April 20, 1887); and the University of the City of New York (November 25, 1892). He also received an LLD degree from Am­herst College, Mas­sa­chu­setts, in 1876.

After emigrating to America, Schaff became a professor at the Mer­cers­burg Reformed Seminary in Mer­cers­burg, Penn­syl­van­ia, in 1843. He spent 20 years there, then moved to New York in 1863. He lectured at seminaries in An­do­ver, Mas­sa­chu­setts; Hart­ford, Con­nec­ti­cut; and New York. In 1869, Schaff joined the faculty of the Union Theological Seminary in New York City, where he held successively the chairs of Pro­pæ­deu­tic and Symbolic, Biblical Literature (first He­brew, then Greek), and (in 1887) Church History.

Schaff also served as secretary of the New York Sabbath Committee, honorary corresponding secretary of the Evan­gel­i­cal Alliance, and president of the American Bible Revision Committee. He was repeatedly sent on embassies to Eur­ope on behalf of the Bible Revision Committee, the Evan­gel­i­cal Alliance, the Pan-Pres­by­ter­i­an Alliance, and as delegate to the Fifth Centennial of Hei­del­berg University, Ger­ma­ny (1886), and the Eighth Centennial of Bo­lo­gna University, It­a­ly (1888).

Schaff’s works include:

  1. O Bread of Life from Heaven