Born: July 25, 1854, Hilton, New York.
Died: February 14, 1952, Boston, Massachusetts.
Buried: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Rowley was the son of doctor John Rowley and Mary Jane Smith, and husband of Ida Amelia Babcock (married June 11, 1878, Rochester, New York).
He attended the University of Rochester and Rochester Theological Seminary (now the Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School) in New York.
He was ordained a Baptist minister in 1878, and pastored for over 30 years in several locations:
Around 1908, he became president of the Massachusetts Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, where he served until retirement in 1945.
Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, Georgia, named the Rowley School of Humanities after him.