Born: May 17, 1788, Princes Street, Spitalfields, London, England.
Died: August 18, 1863, Liverpool, England.
Buried: August 24, 1863, Liverpool Necropolis, Everton, Merseyside, England.
Thomas was the son of solicitor William Raffles, husband of Mary Catherine Hargreaves (married April 18, 1815), and cousin of Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles.
He became a clerk in Doctors’ Commons in 1803, but quit shortly afterward.
Through the influence of William Collyer, to whose church at Peckham he belonged, Raffles entered Homerton College, Cambridge, in 1805.
He began his ministry at Hammersmith, where he was ordained as a Congregational minister on June 22, 1809. In 1812, he moved to Liverpool, where he succeeded Thomas Spencer as pastor of the Great George Street Congregational Church, serving there 49 years.
For half a century, Raffles was one of the most influential Congregational ministers, and helped found the Lancashire Independent College. He received an LLD degree from the University of Aberdeen in December 1820, and a DD degree from Union College, Connecticut, in July 1830.