Born: December 29, 1808, Providence, Rhode Island.
Died: June 4, 1900, Andover, Massachusetts.
Buried: Phillips Academy Cemetery, Andover, Massachusetts.
Edwards was the son of Calvin Park (1774–1847), a Congregational minister who was a professor at Brown University (1804–25) and pastor at Stoughton, Massachusetts (1826–40).
He graduated from Brown University in 1826, taught in Braintree, Massachusetts, for two years, and graduated from Andover Theological Seminary in 1831.
With Richard Salter Storrs, he co-pastored the orthodox Congregational church of Braintree (1831–33). He was also professor of mental and moral philosophy at Amherst College (1835); Bartlet professor of sacred rhetoric (1836–47); and Abbot professor of Christian theology (1847–81) at Andover.
An ardent admirer of preacher Jonathan Edwards (whose great-granddaughter he married), Park was one of the most notable American theologians and orators. He was a prominent leader of the school of New England Theology.
He left his theological impress on the journal Bibliotheca Sacra, which he and Bela B. Edwards took over in 1844 from Edward Robinson, who had founded it in 1843. Park was assistant editor until 1851, then editor-in-chief (1851–84).