March 15, 1679, Pfull­ing­en, Würt­tem­berg, Germany.

Oc­to­ber 12, 1707, probably at Schwarz­en­au (near Bad Ber­le­berg), Germany.

After studying at the Un­i­ver­si­ty of Tü­bing­en, where he graduated in 1697 and became lecturer in 1700, Gmel­in was in 1705 appointed assistant pastor in Herr­en­berg.

There he associated himself with the Separatists; denounced the Church as world­ly and as requiring a mere outward profession; objected to infant baptism, and departed from the view of the Church on the intermediate state, the millennial reign, and on the reconciliation of all things. For these teachings he was deposed in 1706.

After living for a while in Dör­ten­bach, near Calw, he retired to Witt­gen­stein, and finally to Schwarz­en­au.

  1. Ach treib aus mein­er Seel’