1823–1876
portrait

March 10, 1823, Kings­ton up­on Hull, Eng­land.

Jan­u­a­ry 22, 1876, Tice­hurst, Sus­sex, Eng­land.

St. Os­wald’s Church, Dur­ham, Eng­land.

John was the son of Will­iam Hey Dykes, a ship build­er, lat­er a ban­ker, and Eliz­a­beth Hunt­ing­ton; hus­band of Su­san­nah King­ston; and broth­er of Eli­za Al­der­son.

Around age 12, Dykes be­came as­sist­ant or­gan­ist at St. John’s Church in Hull, where his grand­fath­er was vic­ar.

He stu­died at Wake­field, York­shire, and St. Cath­a­rine’s Hall, Cam­bridge, where he was a Dikes Schol­ar, pre­si­dent of the Cam­bridge Un­i­ver­si­ty Mu­sic­al So­ci­ety, and earned a BA in Class­ics.

In 1848, he be­came cur­ate at Mal­ton, York­shire. For a short time, he was a can­on of Dur­ham Ca­thed­ral, then pre­cen­tor (1849–62). In 1862 he became vi­car of St. Os­wald’s, Dur­ham (he named a son John St. Os­wald Dykes, and one of his tunes St. Os­wald).

Dykes pub­lished ser­mons and ar­ti­cles on re­li­gion, but is best known for com­pos­ing over 300 hymn tunes. In his mu­sic, as in his ec­cles­i­as­tic­al work, he was less dog­ma­tic than ma­ny of his con­tem­po­rar­ies about the the­o­lo­gic­al con­tro­ver­sies of the day—he oft­en ful­filled re­quests for tunes for non-Ang­li­can hymns.

In ad­di­tion to his gift for writ­ing mu­sic, he played the or­gan, pi­a­no, vi­o­lin, and horn.

  1. Alford
  2. Almsgiving
  3. Beatitudo
  4. Blairgowrie
  5. Calm
  6. Charitas
  7. Christus Con­sol­a­tor
  8. Come un­to Me
  9. Commendatio
  10. Derry
  11. Dies Do­min­i­ca
  12. Dies Ir­ae
  13. Dominus Re­git Me
  14. Durham
  15. Easter Chant
  16. Ersurge
  17. Esca Vi­a­tor­um
  18. Etiam et Mi­hi
  19. Faith
  20. Ferrier
  21. Fiat Lux
  22. First Fruits
  23. From Far Away
  24. Gerontius
  25. Gethsemane
  26. Glastonbury
  27. Glebe Field
  28. Hollingside
  29. Horbury
  30. Hosanna
  31. Illumination
  32. In Ten­eb­ris Lu­men
  33. Jesu, Ma­gis­ter Bo­ne
  34. Judea
  35. Keble
  36. Laud
  37. Lindisfarne
  38. Lux Be­nig­na
  39. Lux Ve­ra
  40. Mary Mag­da­lene
  41. Melita
  42. Nicaea
  43. Now All the Bells Are Ring­ing
  44. O Quan­ta Qual­ia
  45. Olivet
  46. On the Birth­day of the Lord
  47. Once Again, O Bless­èd Time
  48. Paradise
  49. Pax Dei
  50. Prince of Peace
  51. Requiescat
  52. Rivaulx
  53. Salvete Flor­es
  54. Sancti Ven­i­te
  55. Sanctuary
  56. Shoreham
  57. Sleep! Ho­ly Babe
  58. St. Ael­red
  59. St. Ag­nes
  60. St. Al­ban
  61. St. An­a­to­li­us
  62. St. An­drew of Crete
  63. St. Bees
  64. St. Cross
  65. St. Cuth­bert
  66. St. Dros­tane
  67. St. God­ric
  68. St. John
  69. St. Phil­ip
  70. St. Nin­i­an
  71. St. Os­wald
  72. St. Syl­ves­ter
  73. Stabat Ma­ter
  74. Strength and Stay
  75. Trinity Col­lege
  76. Veni Ci­to
  77. Veni Cre­at­or
  78. Vesperi Lux
  79. Visio Dom­i­ni
  80. Vox An­gel­i­ca
  81. Vox De­lic­ti
  82. Zug