Born: December 14, 1876, Buffalo, Texas.
Died: March 2, 1939, Mountain Peak, Texas.
Buried: Mountain Peak Cemetery, Midlothian, Texas.
Robert was the son of Hopson Monroe Burleson and Nancy Elizabeth Dupree, and husband of Irene Moore (married 1903).
He began studying music in 1889, and began teaching in 1896. His compositions were published in 1898, in Lamp and Light and Song-Land Messenger No. 2. In 1898, he received a diploma from the Southern Normal Institute of Music session led by Anthony J. Showalter and Edwin Moore in Mansfield, Texas.
Burleson was a gifted organist, and later became a Baptist minister, serving churches in Navarro, Parker and Ellis Counties, Texas. At the time of his death, he was pastor of the Mountain Peak and Avalon Churches.
He and Irene had at least 12 children. As of 1904, he lived in Italy, Texas.