Born: June 16, 1810, Scan­tic Par­ish, East Wind­sor, Con­nec­ti­cut.

Died: June 19, 1880, Mon­son, Mas­sa­chu­setts.

Buried: Hill­side Ce­me­te­ry, Mon­son, Mass­a­chu­setts.



Samuel was the son of car­pen­ter and paint­er Ti­mo­thy Hill Brown, and hym­nist Phoe­be Brown, and hus­band of Eliz­a­beth Good­win Bar­tlett.

He was ed­u­cat­ed at Am­herst Col­lege; Yale Col­lege (gra­du­at­ed 1832); the Pres­by­ter­i­an The­o­lo­gic­al Se­mi­na­ry, Co­lum­bia, South Ca­ro­li­na; and Un­ion Se­mi­na­ry, New York.

He taught in Can­ton (now Guang­zhou), Chi­na; Ma­cau; and Hong Kong (1838–47). Up­on his re­turn to Am­er­i­ca, he ran an acad­e­my in Rome, New York (1848–51).

In 1851, he went to a Re­formed Dutch pas­tor­ate in Owas­co Lake, New York. A school he found­ed there, Spring­side, was part of the Un­der­ground Rail­road that help­ed es­caped slaves move north be­fore the Am­er­i­can ci­vil war.

In 1859, the Board of For­eign Mis­sions of the Re­formed Dutch Church sent Brown to Yo­ko­ha­ma, Ja­pan, as the first Amer­i­can mis­sion­a­ry in that coun­try.

He trans­lat­ed a num­ber of books from Eng­lish to Ja­pa­nese, pre­pared Ja­pa­nese gram­mar vol­umes, and helped found Mei­ji Gak­uin Un­i­ver­si­ty in To­kyo.