Caspar Bienemann

January 3, 1540, Nuremburg, Germany.

September 12, 1591, Altenburg, Germany.


Son of Conrad Bienemann, a burgess of Nürnberg, Kaspar was educated at Jena and Tübingen. After completing his studies, he was sent by Emperor Maximilian II with an embassy to Greece as an interpreter. In Greece, he assumed the name Melissander (a Greek translation of his German name), by which he is frequently known. After his return, he was appointed a professor at Lauingen, Bavaria, and then at Abt at Bahr (Lahr?), and General Superintendent of Pfalz Neuburg, but on the outbreak of the Synergistic Controversy, he had to resign his post. In 1571, he received a DD degree from the University of Jena, and in the same year Duke Johann Wilhelm of Sachsen Weimar made him tutor to crown prince Friedrich Wilhelm. However, on the death of the Duke in 1573, Elector August of Saxony assumed the Regency, and the Calvinistic party gained ascendancy and succeeded in displacing Bienemann and other Lutheran pastors in the Duchy. Finally, in 1578, he was appointed pastor and General Superintendent at Altenburg.

  1. Herr, wie dull willst, so schick’s mit mir