Born: May 29, 1841, Dublin, Ireland.
Died: November 15, 1918, Kensington, London, England.
Buried: Kensal Green Cemetery, London, England.
Robert was the son of solicitor Matthew Anderson and Mary Lee.
He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin (BA 1862, LLD 1875), and belonged to the Plymouth Brethren, sometimes preaching with John Nelson Darby.
He eventually went to work with the Home Office. In 1887 he became Secretary of the Prison Commissioners, and in 1888 Assistant Commissioner of the Criminal Investigation Department of Scotland Yard (this was around the time
Jack the Ripper was terrorizing London).
In 1901, Anderson retired and was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.